16 January, 2008

Java processes viewer

There is a way how to retrieve information about all running JVMs.
Since Java 1.5 Sun provides sources of jvmstat classes for JVM monitoring.

I've created simple program that is used these classes.
It detects all running JVMs and prints their information.



JavaPS.java


import java.util.Set;
import sun.jvmstat.monitor.HostIdentifier;
import sun.jvmstat.monitor.MonitoredHost;
import sun.jvmstat.monitor.MonitoredVm;
import sun.jvmstat.monitor.StringMonitor;
import sun.jvmstat.monitor.VmIdentifier;

public class JavaPS {
private static final String[] vmProperties = new String[]{
"java.property.java.vm.name",
"java.property.java.vm.vendor",
"java.property.java.vm.version",
"java.property.java.home",
"java.property.java.class.path",
"java.rt.vmArgs",
"java.rt.vmFlags",
"sun.rt.javaCommand"};

public static void main(String[] args) {
Set jvms;
MonitoredHost monitoredHost;

try {
monitoredHost = MonitoredHost.getMonitoredHost(new HostIdentifier("localhost"));
jvms = monitoredHost.activeVms();
} catch (Exception e) {
e.printStackTrace();
return;
}

for (Object jvm : jvms) {
int jvmid = (Integer) jvm;
System.out.println("Process ID: \t" + String.valueOf(jvmid));
try {
VmIdentifier id = new VmIdentifier("//" + jvmid + "?mode=r");
MonitoredVm vm = monitoredHost.getMonitoredVm(id, 0);
for (String vmProperty : vmProperties) {
System.out.println(vmProperty + ": \t"
+ ((StringMonitor) vm.findByName(vmProperty)).stringValue());
}
System.out.println();
monitoredHost.detach(vm);
} catch (Exception e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}
}
}


Aliases for virtual machine's properties have been taken from jdk1.5 sources (jdk-1_5_0-src-scsl.zip) from the file j2se\src\share\classes\sun\jvmstat\perfdata\resources\aliasmap.

Compile this code via command:
javac -classpath %JAVA_HOME%\lib\tools.jar JavaPS.java
and run:
java -classpath .;%JAVA_HOME%\lib\tools.jar JavaPS >JavaPS.txt

jvmstat package locates in tools.jar


Example of results output:


JavaPS.txt

Process ID: 2144
java.property.java.vm.name: Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM
java.property.java.vm.vendor: Sun Microsystems Inc.
java.property.java.vm.version: 1.6.0_03-b05
java.property.java.home: C:\Program Files\Java\jre1.6.0_03
java.property.java.class.path: .;E:\Devel\jdk1.5.0_09\lib\tools.jar
java.rt.vmArgs:
java.rt.vmFlags:
sun.rt.javaCommand: JavaPS

Process ID: 364
java.property.java.vm.name: Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM
java.property.java.vm.vendor: Sun Microsystems Inc.
java.property.java.vm.version: 1.6.0_03-b05
java.property.java.home: C:\Program Files\Java\jre1.6.0_03
java.property.java.class.path: SwingSet2.jar
java.rt.vmArgs:
java.rt.vmFlags:
sun.rt.javaCommand: SwingSet2.jar

Simple RTF to XML converter

RTFEditorKit (javax.swing.text.rtf.RTFEditorKit) from Sun Java API - special class for operations with RTF (Rich Text Format) documents.

I've created java sample that converts RTF document to XML.

From:


to:


This is the source of this converter:


Rtf2XML.java


import javax.swing.text.AbstractDocument.BranchElement;
import javax.swing.text.DefaultStyledDocument;
import javax.swing.text.BadLocationException;
import javax.swing.text.rtf.RTFEditorKit;
import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilderFactory;
import javax.xml.transform.Transformer;
import javax.xml.transform.TransformerFactory;
import javax.xml.transform.dom.DOMSource;
import javax.xml.transform.stream.StreamResult;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;

public class Rtf2XML {
private DefaultStyledDocument rtfSource;
private org.w3c.dom.Document xmlTarget;
private org.w3c.dom.Element xmlRoot;

private void expandElement(javax.swing.text.Element rtfElement) {
for (int i = 0; i < rtfElement.getElementCount(); i++) {
javax.swing.text.Element rtfNextElement = rtfElement.getElement(i);
if (rtfNextElement.isLeaf()) {
try {
addElement(rtfNextElement);
} catch (Exception e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
} else {
expandElement(rtfNextElement);
}
}
}

private void addElement(javax.swing.text.Element rtfElement)
throws UnsupportedEncodingException, BadLocationException {

String style = new String(rtfSource.getLogicalStyle(rtfElement.getStartOffset())
.getName().getBytes("ISO-8859-1"));

String text = new String(rtfSource.getText(rtfElement.getStartOffset(),
rtfElement.getEndOffset() - rtfElement.getStartOffset())
.getBytes("ISO-8859-1"));

org.w3c.dom.Element node = xmlTarget.createElement("p");
node.appendChild(xmlTarget.createTextNode(text));
node.setAttribute("style", style);
xmlRoot.appendChild(node);
}

public void convert(String sourceFileName) throws Exception {
rtfSource = new DefaultStyledDocument();
RTFEditorKit kit = new RTFEditorKit();
kit.read(new FileInputStream(sourceFileName), rtfSource, 0);

xmlTarget = DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance()
.newDocumentBuilder().newDocument();

BranchElement rtfRoot = (BranchElement) rtfSource.getDefaultRootElement();
xmlRoot = xmlTarget.createElement("data");
expandElement(rtfRoot);
xmlTarget.appendChild(xmlRoot);

Transformer t = TransformerFactory.newInstance().newTransformer();
t.transform(new DOMSource(xmlTarget),
new StreamResult(new FileOutputStream(sourceFileName + ".xml")));
}

public static void main(String[] args) {
if (args.length != 1) {
System.err.println("Usage: *.rtf");
return;
}
try {
new Rtf2XML().convert(args[0]);
} catch (Exception e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}
}



But RTFEditorKit isn't so powerful and friendly as I want.
I think, iText will be better for operations with RTF (and other document formats).

It's the good and free decision.